Scale of 1787 Veatch map of Deakin's Survey

This page was originally written as an attempt to try to better-understand the property locations on fragment of the 1787 Veatch map of Deakin's Survey that is included below. Since then, I made an overlap map that superimposes a modern plat map on the northeast corner of the 1787 Veatch map of Deakin's Survey. That overlay map does a better job than this page does; click here to see it. Since there are some things on this page that are still worthwhile, I am leaving it up.

The Veatch map isn't drawn to exact scale, the key to understanding the approximate east-west scale is the locations of the Mason-Dixon line mile markers that are shown on the map, at the state line.

Click here to read the Mason and Dixon survey journal at the website of "The Mason & Dixon Line Preservation Partnership". A quick skimming of that journal indicates that the survey in the Somerset County area was in the 1766-1767 timeframe. Click here to see the portion of the survey map that pertains to Somerset County PA (Courtesy of T. M. Babcock, PLS). Click here to read the part of a 1916 report on the markers that pertains to the area along Somerset County, Pa.

Subtract 8 from modern marker numbers to get the 1787 number One thing that is confusing is that the mile marker numbers on the map are not the same as the numbers given to the markers today (2009). T. M. Babcock, who has a website on the Mason-Dixon line, informs us that "When Mason and Dixon were measuring the miles along the line, the "0" mile start is a point referred to as the "Post marked West". Throughout their journal, all of the measurements are from this point. I checked a cross reference in a spreadsheet I have and found that the USGS mile 172 is 164 miles from the "Post marked West". Since the USGS numbering system was not established until after 1900, it makes sense that the Deakins survey would refer to the Mason and Dixon numbering.". This means that one has to subtract eight from a current marker number to get the marker number that was used on the 1787 Veatch map.

Veatch-era marker no. 164 (currently no. 172)
On the Veatch map, the no. 164 marker was located where present day (2009) Serenity Lane crosses the state line (Serenity Lane is a Maryland portion of what in Pennsylvania is known as Dietrick lane, according to the Google mapping service). Click here to see Mike McKenzie's 2009 photos of the corresponding present-tay marker no. 172 (164 + 8 = 172).

Veatch-era marker no. 166 (currently no. 174)
A a third-party website shows modern-day marker no. 174 (corresponding to Veatch-era marker no. 166) to be located along the highway below Wellersburg where present day MD Route 47 (PA Route 160) hits the state line by the furniture store. From first hand observation, Mike McKenzie knows that there are actually two monuments there; a short marker that only sticks out of the ground a few inches, and tall decorative marker. This marker set is at the corner of Viola Michael's property (The old Plank Road Inn). We haven't yet confirmed any marker number by direct observation.

I suspect that the third-party website is wrong when it says that Mason Dixon Marker 174 (Veatch-era marker no. 166) is at the road below Wellersburg. I personally suspect that is simply a marker that indicates that a traveler is crossing the Mason Dixon line.

Based on my overlay map, I suspect that the 1906 Somerset County history book is right when it says the survey for the road crossed or reached ""Mason and Dixon's line about seventy-five rods west of the one hundred and sixty-fifth milestone...". A rod is equal to 5.5 yards, so 75 rods is 412.5 yards, which is 0.234 miles. That is fairly close to the third of a mile, or so, that the overlay map suggests.

Look at the overlay. If Robert Parker lived where an 1804 road plat shows that he specifically did, and if that residence was on lot 3350 (which Robert Parker owned), then Mason Dixon Marker 174 (Veatch-era marker no. 166) cannot be at the road, below the furniture store. Furthermore, the 1874 map (below) shows the word "Barrallville" across lots 3350 and 3351, and the overlay shows Barrelville on those lots too.

Veatch-era marker no. 167 (currently no. 175)
Mike McKenzie reports that modern-day marker 175 (corresponding to Veatch-era marker no. 167) is right at the top of Witt Hill. I believe he bases that observation on a photo on the third party web site that is mentioned above.

1787 Veatch map of Deakin's Survey

The 1874 map
The map below is a tracing of a copy of an 1874 map that Mike obtained from a local area resident. It shows lot numbers, railroads, and towns, but does not show mile markers.

Enlargements of 1787 map
The next images are enlargements of the 1787 map that identify some of the lots.

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