1831: John Border was a talented gunsmith who operated in the borough of Bedford, Pennsylvania. He died in his early 30s in a railroad accident in 1864. Several genealogy websites indicate he was born on September 22, 1831. The 1953 edition of Gluckman's "American Gun Makers" says John Border is the son of William Border and the brother of Daniel Border.
Since there was an earlier gunsmith named John Border in Bedford County, I refer to the two individuals as John Border I and II in the respective web page titles. John Border I was the grandfather of John Border II.
1850: According to Kauffman's 1960 book "The Pennsylvania - Kentucky Rifle", a John Border is identified as a gunsmith in the 1850 Federal census.
1856-1863: The 1983 booklet "Gunsmiths and Gunmakers of Bedford and Somerset Counties Pennsylvania 1770-1900" puts John Border in the borough of Bedford from 1856 to 1863.
1857: John Border was a regular advertiser in the Bedford Gazette. The following advertisement is from the July 3, 1857 issue of the "Bedford Gazette". I think the "Dec. 12, 1856.--1y" text is a reference to when the advertisement began, and how long it was supposed to run. I believe the type would remain set from issue to issue, and think the inclusion of the date at the bottom of the advertisement informs the typesetter when to pull the advertisement.
1857: The following article is from the August 7 1857 issue of the "Bedford Inquirer and Chronicle". The article indicates that Daniel Border and John Border worked together to install the town clock in the cupola of the Bedford County courthouse.
1857: The following excerpt is from the November 6, 1857 issue of the "Bedford Inquirer and Chronicle". It reports that John Border received an award for his single and double barrel rifles from the Bedford County Agricultural Society in October, 1857.
1859: The following advertisement is from the June 17, 1859 issue of the "Bedford Gazette". This advertisement references the same shop location that Daniel Border described in earlier advertisements.
1861: According to Kauffman's 1960 book "The Pennsylvania - Kentucky Rifle", John Border used the initials "J.B." on his locks, and is identified as a gunsmith on the tax roll of Bedford Township in 1861.
1862: The following advertisement is from the March 21, 1862 issue of the "Bedford Gazette". It shows that John Border was running for the Bedford Borough office of High Constable on the Democratic ticket.
1863: The following advertisement is from the January 9, 1863 issue of the "Bedford Gazette".
1864: The next three articles are from the May 27, 1864 issue of the "Bedford Gazette", and are related to the untimely death of John Border.
1864: The following article about John Border's death is from the May 27, 1864 issue of the "Bedford Inquirer".
1864-ish to ?: According to the 1983 booklet "Gunsmiths and Gunmakers of Bedford and Somerset Counties Pennsylvania 1770-1900", records from the Orphan's Court of Bedford County show that John Amos represented the John Border family in the legal activities relating to the settlement concerning John Border's 1964 death in a railroad accident.
1864: The following advertisement is from the December 2, 1864 issue of the "Bedford Gazette". It indicates that John Border is deceased, and David Defibaugh has taken over his workshop.
1864: "John Border, gunsmith" was selected for jury duty on May 3, 1864, a few weeks before his death. The following notice is from the August 5, 1864 issue of the "Bedford Inquirer".
1871: The 2017 book "Gunsmiths of Bedford County, Pennsylvania" indicates that John Border's estate was finalized in 1875, and is estate no. 5 of 1871.
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