Enos Border, Bedford County, Pennsylvania gunsmith

Introduction: Enos Border is known as a Bedford County, Pennsylvania gunsmith from at least one tax list, a business record, and at least one surviving example of his work.

1822: According to his tombstone, Enos Border was born in Bedford County, Pennsylvania on August 28, 1822. His memorial on findagrave.com (177039666) indicates his parents were (the gunsmith) John Border and Mary Polly (Ellis) Border. (Mary was John Border's second wife.) The 2017 book "Gunsmiths of Bedford County, Pennsylvania" describes Enos' father as Johannes Border, a son of of the blacksmith Gebalt Border.

1842-1843: The 2001 Whisker & Yantz book reports that Enos Border appears on the tax rolls of Bedford Township as a gunsmith and single freeman in 1842 and 1843.

1843-1844: The 1953 edition of Gluckman's "American Gun Makers" puts Enos Border in the borough and township of Bedford in about 1843. According to Kauffman's 1960 book "The Pennsylvania - Kentucky Rifle", Enos Border is identified as a gunsmith on the tax roll of Bedford Township in 1843. The 1983 booklet "Gunsmiths and Gunmakers of Bedford and Somerset Counties Pennsylvania 1770-1900" puts Enos Border in Napier Township during 1843 to 1844, and says he was taxed $1.00 as a single gunsmith.

1849-1850: The 2001 Whisker & Yantz book reports that Enos Border appears on the tax rolls of Napier Township as a single freeman in 1849 and 1850.

1850: In a page of the 1850 federal census of Napier Township that was taken on August 29, 1850, Enos Border appears as a 26-year-old Pennsylvania-born farmer with a valuation of $800.00. In his household were 26-year-old Eliza A. Border, 1-year-old Margaret R. Border, and 24-year-old laborer John Mickle, all born in Pennsylvania.

1850: The following composite image from the 1850 agricultural census describes the farm of Enos Border:

1850-1865: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, his daughter Lavinia Catherine Border was born in 1850 and died in 1865. Lavinia is buried in the Old Victor Pioneer Cemetery in Victor, Poweshiek County, Iowa. Her tombstone states "Lavinia C. Daughter of Enos & Eliza A. Border died October 19, 1865..." The age at death is given, but I couldn't read it because of cracking.

1852-1853: The 2001 Whisker & Yantz book reports that Enos Border appears on the tax rolls of Davidsonville in Somerset County in 1852 and 1853.

1853: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, his son William Albert Border was born in 1853. William Albert Border is buried in the Ohio Cemetery in Iowa County, Iowa where his tombstone states "Wm. Albert Border 1853--1923".

1858: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, his daughter Ellen Sarah (Border) Bell was born in 1858. Ellen S. Bell is buried in the Ohio Cemetery in Iowa County, Iowa where her tombstone states "Ellen S. Bell Aug. 21, 1858 Oct. 20, 1909".

1862: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, his son Joseph Manuel Border was born in 1862. Joseph Manuel Border is buried in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, Los Angeles County, California, where his tombstone includes the statement, "Joseph Manuel border 1862-1913".

1864: Enos Border's first wife Eliza is buried at the Old Victor Pioneer Cemetery in Victor, Iowa, where her tombstone states, "Eliza A. Wife of Enos Border Dyed Aug. 30, 1864 Aged 42 ys. 11 ms. 5ds." Her memorial on findagrave.com indicates that her maiden name was Horn, her middle name was Anne, and she was born in Bedford County, Pennsylvania.

1866: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, he married Mary Jane Maxon in 1866.

1867: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, his daughter Laura Larne (Border) Norton was born in 1867. Laura Larne (Border) Norton is buried in the Victor Memorial Cemetery in Victor, Iowa County, Iowa, where her tombstone includes the statement, "Laura L. Norton 1867 1936".

1871: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, his daughter Anna R. (Border) Simpson was born in 1871. Anna R. (Border) Simpson is buried at the Fairmount Cemetery in Denver, Denver County, Colorado, where her tombstone includes the statement "Anna r. Simpson 1871--1935".

1874: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, his daughter Florence E. (Border) Hinder was born in 1874. According to her memorial on findagrave.com (177041860), Florence E. (Border) Hinder is buried at the Ladora Cemetery in Iowa County, Iowa. Her memorial on findagrave.com does not include a tombstone photo.

1876: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, his son Frederick Enos Border was born in 1876. Frederick Enos Border is buried in the Woodland Memorial Park in Barry County, Michigan, where his tombstone includes the statement, "Border Fred E. 1876--1962"

1882: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, his son Lee Scott Border was born in 1882. According to his memorial on findagrave.com, the remains of Lee Scott Border (118425757) are at the north building of Cypress View Mausoleum and Crematory in San Diego County, California. the findagrave.com memorial does not include photos.

1884: According to Enos Border's memorial on findagrave.com, his son Herbert Elmer Border was born in 1884. Herbert Elmer Border, Sr. is buried in the Evergreen Cemetery in Lohrville, Calhoun County, Iowa, where his tombstone includes the statement, "Border ... Herbert 1884--1967".

1888: Enos Border is buried at the Victor Memorial Cemetery in Victor, Iowa. The tombstone states, "Enos Border born in Bedford Co Penn Aug 28 1822 died Oct 17 1888". This is the same cemetery where his brother the Bedford County gunsmith Samuel Border is buried.

1935: Enos Border's second wife Mary Jane, who died February 1, 1935 at age 88, is also buried at the Victor Memorial Cemetery.

A double barrel swivel-type percussion rifle made by Enos Border and signed "E.B." on one of the barrels was sold by Morphy Auctions in 2012 for $3,540.00. One of the 36-inch long octagon barrels has a .40 caliber rifled bore, and the other has a .38 caliber smooth bore. The curly maple buttstock has a number of silver inlays and a four-piece engraved brass patch box with a symmetric finial. The back-action lock has a Bedford County style percussion hammer.

The 2001 book "Gunsmiths of Bedford, Fulton, Huntington, & Somerset Counties" reports that Enos Border made two stocks for Daniel Border, charging $4.50 for one and $4.00 for the other.

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