Jacob Stoudenour biographical information

Jacob Stoudenour was a prolific gun maker in Colerain Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania, and one of only a handful of Bedford County gunsmiths who made flintlock rifles that have survived.

1795: Based on age information in the 1860 federal census, Jacob and Margaret Stoudenour were born circa 1795. The 2001 book "Gunsmiths of Bedford, Fulton, Huntingdon, & Somerset Counties" indicates that Jacob Stoudenour is Maryland-born.

After 1816: The 1983 booklet "Gunsmiths and Gunmakers of Bedford and Somerset Counties Pennsylvania 1770-1900" puts Jacob Stoudenour and his father John in Colerain Township, Bedford County after 1816.

1819-1863: Based on tax records, the 2001 book "Gunsmiths of Bedford, Fulton, Huntingdon, & Somerset Counties" puts Jacob Stoudenour in Colerain Township from 1819 to 1863.

1820: A Jacob Stoudenour appears in the 1820 Federal Census of Colerain Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania.

1824: The 1983 booklet "Gunsmiths and Gunmakers of Bedford and Somerset Counties Pennsylvania 1770-1900" indicates that Jacob Stoudenour was taxed 24 cents in 1824.

circa 1825: The 1953 edition of Gluckman's "American Gun Makers" puts Jacob Stoudenour in Colerain Township of Bedford County sometime around 1825.

1825: According to Kauffman's 1960 book "The Pennsylvania - Kentucky Rifle", Jacob Stoudenour is identified as a gunsmith in the 1825 tax roll of Colerain Township.

1841: The 1983 booklet "Gunsmiths and Gunmakers of Bedford and Somerset Counties Pennsylvania 1770-1900" indicates that the recorded value of Jacob Stoudenour was $1081.00 in 1841.

1850: The following information from the 1850 census shows the scale and productivity of Jacob Stoudenour's farm.

The 1983 booklet "Gunsmiths and Gunmakers of Bedford and Somerset Counties Pennsylvania 1770-1900" indicates that Jacob Stoudenour's Colerain Township property adjoined the farm of his father John.

1851: The 2017 book "Gunsmiths of Bedford County, Pennsylvania" indicates that Jacob Stoudenour's father John died in 1851.

1853: The 1983 booklet indicates that Jacob Stoudenour's father John Stoudenour died in 1853.

1854: The 2017 book "Gunsmiths of Bedford County, Pennsylvania" indicates that Jacob Stoudenour's mother Margaret died in 1854.

1860: In the 1860 federal census of Colerain Township, Jacob Stoudenour is enumerated as a Maryland-born 65-year-old gunsmith with real estate valued at $5,000.00 and personal property valued at $1,200.00. Also living in his household are 65-year-old Margaret Stoudenour, 22-year-old Catherine Reighart, and 11-month-old Malinda Reighart, all born in Pennsylvania. This census provides a basis for estimating that Jacob Stoudenour was born circa 1795.

1861: According to Kauffman's 1960 book "The Pennsylvania - Kentucky Rifle", Jacob Stoudenour is identified as a gunsmith in an 1861 business directory.

1861: The following image from the 1861 Walker map of Bedford County identifies the residence of J. Stoudenour in Colerain Township.

1863: Jacob Stoudenour is said to be buried in the Friends Cove United Church of Christ Cemetery, and his tombstone is said to give a death date of January 27, 1863. The cemetery is located at Latitude 39.926681, Longitude -78.490956, 2.6 miles northwest of Rainsburg.

1863: The following Jacob Stoudenour estate notice is from the April 3, 1863 issue of the "Bedford Gazette". It is also included in the February 27, 1863 issue, and several other issues.

1864: The following item is from the April 29, 1864 issue of the "Bedford Inquirer" newspaper.

In the book "The Bedford County Rifle and Its Makers", Calvin Hetrick indicates that Jacob Stoudenour willed his gunsmith shop and tools to his apprentice William Moore. The 2017 book "Gunsmiths of Bedford County, Pennsylvania" indicates that Jacob and his wife did not have any children of their own and raised Moore.

1871: The 1953 edition of Gluckman's "American Gun Makers" indicates that Jacob Stoudenour died in the year 1871. Based on the information presented on this page, I think that is incorrect.

1877: The following image from the 1877 book "County Atlas of Bedford Pennsylvania" identifies the farm as "Mrs. Stoudenour":

1878: A tombstone in the Friends Cove United Church of Christ Cemetery bears the inscription: "Margaret Wife of Jacob Stoudenour Died Mar. 28, 1878 Aged 82 yrs. 10ms. & 21ds."

1880: The following item is from page 25 of the book "Acts and Proceedings ot the Synod of the Potomac of the Reformed Church in the United States in General Convention at Woodstock, Va., October, 1880."

According to Kauffman's 1960 book "The Pennsylvania - Kentucky Rifle", Jacob Stoudenour was a prolific gunmaker, and made both flintlock and percussion firearms.

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