Samuel Sheridan Leach

Introduction: Samuel Sheridan "Sherd" Leach is known as a Bedford County, Pennsylvania gun designer due to his 1904 patent for a firing mechanism for triple-barrel breech-loading guns. I have not found anything connecting him to muzzle loading long rifles.

1864: According to the tombstone he shares with his wife, Samuel Sheridan Leach was born on November 13, 1864.

1886: The 1983 booklet "Gunsmiths and Gunmakers of Bedford and Somerset Counties Pennsylvania 1770-1900" reports that Samuel Sheridan Leach is included in the Mattie, West Providence Township portion of the 1886 Farquar's Directory as a carpenter.

1893: The memorial on for Sophia Belle (Smouse) Leach indicates that she was a daughter of William and Hannah (Gilliam) Smouse and married Sheridan S. Leach on March 22, 1893. The following excerpt from the 1908 book "The History of the Smouse Family of America" lists their children:

1896: Mae Leach and George D. Carbaugh share a tombstone at the Bedford Cemetery. The tombstone indicates that Mae Leach was born in 1896 and died in 1978. The obituary of Percy Leach identifies her as Percy's sister and the obituary of Sheridan S. Leach identifies her as Sheridan's daughter.

1897: According to the following obituary, Percy Leach is a son of Samuel Sheridan Leach, and was born on November 23, 1897. This obituary names two sisters of Percy who are not in the aforementioned Smouse and Nycum books.

1897: The death certificate of Percy Leach also indicates he was born on November 23, 1897.

1900: U.S. Patent 649,321 was issued to Samuel S. Leach of Everitt for an adjustable pipe wrench on May 8, 1900. The Canadian counterpart is Canadian Patent 70,881.

1904: Samuel Leach of Everett is included in this web study because of his October 18, 1904 patent "Single trigger mechanism for double barrel guns", U.S. Patent 772,809. Click here to see a pdf copy of U.S. Patent 772,809, which pertains to breech loading drillings (three-barrelled guns). Here are two key images from the patent:

1909: Evelyn I. Horne is buried at the Bedford County Memorial Park, where the tombstone she shares with D. Edgar Horne indicates that she was born in 1909 and died in 1992. This may be the sister Evelyn Horne who is identified in the obituary of Percy Leach that is included above, and may be the daughter Evelyn Yetter who is identified in the obituary of Samuel S. Leach that is included below.

1937: According to their shared tombstone, Samuel's wife Sophia B. Leach was born on December 15, 1872 and died on December 1, 1937.

1944: Samuel Leach is buried at the Everett Cemetery (40.0107994, -78.3593979). His tombstone gives his name as S. Sheridan".

1944: The following obituary from the December 15, 1944 issue of the "Bedford Gazette" newspaper indicates that Sheridan Leach was born on November 13, 1864 and died on December 11, 1944. The obituary names two children who are not listed in the aforementioned Smouse and Nycum books.

1944: Here is the death certificate of Samuel Leach:

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