Bedford County, Pennsylvania double barrel rifle by John Nicholas Mathesiee

The photos below are owned by Bill Paton, and are included here with his permission. They show an interesting antique full stock side-by-side percussion rifle that was made and signed by the Bedford County, Pennsylvania gunmaker John Nicholas Mathesiee.

The first photo shows the entire right-hand side of the muzzleloader. The cap box appears to me to be a commercial product. I say that because it appears to be virtually identical to the patchbox in a photo someone sent me from Tennessee, and seems to be virtually identical to the unfinished patch boxes found with gun making tools and other gun parts on the Lepley farm in Somerset County in the 1970s.
A right-hand view of a double barrel rifle by the Bedford County, Pennsylvania gunsmith John Nicholas Mathesiee.

The next two photos provide right-hand and left-hand views of the lock area of the Mathesiee rifle. The rat-tail locks appear to be silver plated. The front of each lock is retained to the stock with a screw, and a transverse screw with a recessed head that is located just forward of the hammers connects one lock to the other. The lock plates are engraved in a characteristic Mathesiee style. In my opinion, Mathesiee's gun locks appear to be the inspiration for some of the cast 20th century Bedford County-style locks marked "Sutter".
The right-hand rat tail lock of the Mathesiee double barrel muzzleloader.
The left-hand rat tail lock of the Mathesiee double barrel muzzleloader.

The next photo shows the cheekpiece side of the buttstock of the Mathesiee double barrel muzzle loading rifle, including a nicely engraved cheekpiece inlay and well-executed deep relief carving with stippling that is located under, on, and aft of the cheekpiece. This is remarkably good carving, and in my humble opinion it shows a distinct European influence. The carving under and on the cheekpiece is like the carving on the Mathesiee rifle shown by Plate 140 of Hetrick's booklet "The Bedford County Rifle and Its Makers".
A view of the cheekpiece area of the Mathesiee double barrel muzzle loading rifle, showing some remarkably well executed relief carving.

The next photo is included to show how the pointed barrel tangs converge to allow a narrower wrist. Also notice the elliptic inlay on the top of the wrist, and the inlay aft of the lock panel of the stock. The photo also provides an oblique view of one of the lock panels of the stock, promoting our understanding of the relationship between the panel and the wrist.
This Mathesiee double barrel rifle has rat tail locks that appear to be silver plated.

The following muzzle view shows that the right-hand barrel is rifled, the left-hand barrel is smoothbore, both barrels are relatively thin-walled, both barrels have front sights, and the nose cap is formed from sheet metal.
A few of the muzzles of the Mathesiee double barrel  gun, showing that the bore of one is rifled and the bore of the other is smooth.

The following image shows that both barrels have rear sights, and the sight on the rifled barrel is adjustable. One can also see the location of the "J.N.M." signature on the rifled right-hand barrel.
Both barrels of the Mathesiee muzzleloader have sights. The sight on the rifled barrel is adjustable.

The following photo provides a larger view of the barrel signature.
This photo shows the barrel signature on the Mathesiee double barrel gun.

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