This is an antique percussion "smooth rifle" by the master Bedford County, Pennsylvania gunsmith John Amos. The term "smooth rifle" is a modern name that is used to describe smoothbore muzzle loading long arms with rifle-type features such as front and rear sights and heavy-walled barrels. They are dual-purpose firearms that can be used with shot for small game, and are reasonably accurate with round balls at the relatively short distances that deer are typically harvested.
This muzzleloader is a relatively plain example of the Bedford School of gunsmithing, with no patch box, inlays, protective escutcheons, or decorative carving. Features that distinguish it as a product of the Bedford School are the rat tail shape of the percussion lock, the configuration of the stock panels for the lock and the lock bolt plate, and the graceful shape of the hammer, with its forward curving spur. The slender appearance of this full stock muzzleloader is facilitated by a nose cap that is only slightly smaller than the forearm in terms of lateral transverse cross-section.
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